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For too long (way too long), Poland was not on our travel radar. After visiting Warsaw and seeing firsthand how incredible the country is, we surmised that Poland just might be the most underrated country in Europe.
Eager to return, Krakow shot to the top of our destination list, so we planned a visit in December to coincide with the famous Krakow Christmas Market. During our time in the city, we filled our days with the top Krakow things to do and discovered a few gems along the way. Our 3-Day Krakow Itinerary can be used as a daily guide or as an outline to plan your perfect Krakow trip!
Day-by-Day 3-Day Krakow Itinerary
Our itinerary includes all the details of what to do in Krakow in 3 days – including introductions to each sight, links to more information and maps to help you plan your route. At the end of the article, you will find tips about where to stay in Krakow, Poland and other advice to plan your complete Poland trip itinerary.
Save, Pin or Bookmark our Krakow Travel Guide to plan your trip to Poland!
Day 1 in Krakow, Poland
On Day 1 of your 3 days in Krakow, get acquainted by exploring the top Krakow sights on foot – then spend the evening drinking and eating in Krakow’s west end.
Map of walking directions to places to visit in Krakow on Day 1.
Krakow Old Town
Start your exploration in the Krakow Old Town – a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1978. Follow this outline for a self-guided Krakow walking tour or join one of the Krakow sightseeing tours (suggested tours later in the article).
Krakow Barbican and St. Florian’s Gate
Built in 1498, the brick Krakow Barbican was once part of the city’s defensive walls and a checkpoint for entry into the town via St. Florian’s Gate. The St. Florian’s Gate tower stands at 110-feet and dates to the 14th century. The royal coronation route through Krakow began at the Barbican, traveled through St. Florian’s Gate and main square then continued south to the Wawel Castle.
Main Market Square Krakow (Rynek Główny)
A stroll down Ulica Florianska (St. Florian’s Street) leads directly into the Krakow Main Market Square – one of the largest medieval squares in all of Europe. On Rynek Główny are some of Krakow’s best historic sights. Map for sights on the Main Square.
St. Mary’s Basilica
Rising above the Main Market Square are the mis-matched towers of St. Mary’s Basilica. The Polish Gothic, red-brick church dates to the 13th century and is a Krakow must-see. The wooden-carved altarpiece (circa the 15th century) is a national treasure of Poland. Plan to be at St. Mary’s at the top of the hour to hear the Hejnal. Listen as the famous Krakow trumpet player perform the Krakow Anthem from the small window.
Top Tip: While the Krakow Bell Tower is closed to visitors, it is possible to tour the Bugle Tower. Only 10 people are allowed every 30 minutes – so it’s best to purchase in advance if going is on your list of Krakow things to do.
St. Adalbert’s Church
The modest stone St. Adalbert’s Church sits on the Main Market Square south of St. Mary’s and was where traders would go to pray. St. Adalbert’s has a 1,000-year-long history, and the original entrance is now several feet below street level (as the the streets of Krakow have been raised up around it).
Krakow Town Hall Tower
The 230-foot-tall Town Hall Tower is all that remains of the Krakow Town Hall (the rest of the building was torn down in 1820). Perhaps the most interesting fact about the tower is that it leans 55cm, earning its nickname, “The Leaning Tower of Krakow.” The basement of the tower was once used as a prison and torture chamber and is included with an admission ticket.
Displayed next to the Krakow Town Hall Tower is the Eros Bendato bronze statue, also called “The Head.” Part of an art exhibition from 2003, “The Head” was gifted to the city and is one of the more modern Krakow tourist attractions in the Old Town.
Krakow Cloth Hall
At the center of the square is the iconic Krakow Cloth Hall – a long, covered hall lined with trading booths that dates to the 1300s (with significant overhauls through the years). Goods, like spices and wax, were brought from the east and exchanged for local products, like textiles and salt from the mine. Today, the shops sell traditional wares to tourists.
Below the Cloth Hall is the Rynek Underground – a fascinating museum detailing the history of the market and lengthy past of the city of Krakow. Opened in 2010, the museum incorporates the original excavated merchant stalls into hi-tech displays.
Top Tip: Admission is free on Tuesdays!
St. Francis of Assisi Church and Bishop’s Palace Krakow
From the outside, the St. Francis of Assisi looks like one of the many churches in Krakow. However, there are two good reasons to go inside: 1) The Art Nouveau interior is stunningly beautiful (and somewhat unexpected) and 2) It was the daily place of worship for Pope John Paul II when he served as Bishop and Cardinal in Krakow for 20 years.
Top Tip: Find the pew at the back of the church marked with a small plaque indicating where Pope John Paul II was often found praying.
The Bishop’s Palace, which is just across the street from St. Francis of Assisi Church, has been the Bishop’s residence since the 14th century. After becoming pope, when Pope John Paul II would visit Krakow, he would stay in the Bishop’s Palace and was known to lean from the upstairs window to give talks (his portrait now hangs in that window).
Church of St. Peter and Paul, Krakow
The ornate Baroque Church of St. Peter and Paul – with the 12 Apostles standing on the gate – is beautiful to look at, but it also has two reasons to go inside. First, the church now serves as the National Pantheon celebrating the lives of Poles who have excelled in Arts, Science and Culture. Second, inside is Foucault’s Pendulum, a device that dates to 1851 and proves the rotation of the earth.
St. Andrew’s Church, Krakow
Built between 1079 and 1098, St Andrew’s Church is one of the oldest buildings in Krakow. The Romanesque church was built to as defensive structure and it survived the attack of the Mongols in 1241.
Nicknamed the “Most Beautiful Street in Krakow,” Kanonicza Street is lined with 14th century mansions and palatial residences belonging to the Church. The street leads to the Wawel Castle entrance. At #19 is the former residence of Father Karol Wojtyla (better known as Pope John Paul II), which has been transformed into the Archdiocese Museum.
Find a place to eat lunch before heading up to Wawel Castle. An Obwarzanek – Krakow’s famous pretzels sold from street vendors – can serve as a snack or light lunch. For something more formal, consider Restaurant Honey Raspberry/ Restauracja Miod Malina or Czarna Kaczka/ Black Duck for excellent classic Polish dishes in a sleek atmosphere.
Wawel Castle, which sits atop Wawel Hill, is comprised of several structures situated around a large courtyard – and visiting the castle tops the list of Krakow Things To Do! Home to civilizations since the Paleolithic Age, there is evidence of a castle on the hill dating to the 11th century. Wawel Castle was expanded and destroyed – and changed hands of power – several times throughout history, resulting in an interesting blend of architectural styles (including Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque).
Today, the castle is a UNESCO Heritage Site and a museum. Entrance to the grounds is free, but tickets are required to visit the State Rooms, Royal Private Apartments, Crown Treasury and Armory, The Lost Wawel (archeological site), Oriental Art, Dragon’s Den and Tower. The Cathedral is free to visit, however, tickets are required for the Royal Tombs, the Sigismund Bell Tower and Cathedral Museum. More information can be found on the official Wawel Castle website.
Pro Tip: For the best views of the Wawel Castle, walk to the bend in the Vistuala River and follow it west to the Debnicki Bridge/Most Dębnicki.
St. Stanislaus Church at Skalka
The grand white church on the bank of the Vistula River has many names – Church of St. Michael the Archangel and St. Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr and Pauline Fathers Monastery and, simply, Skalka – or Church on the Rock.
It has an equally lengthy – and somewhat gripping – story. On the site in 1079, Bishop Stanislaus was executed by order of the Polish King Boleslaw II the Bold. The king fell under a curse and his family built the church as repentance. An altar inside the church hosts the stump on which Stanislaus was dismembered (yes, there is a bloody stump inside the church).
Outside, the pool where the Stanislaus statue stands, is where his body parts were tossed; the water is now said to have healing powers, but we can’t personally vouch for that. Beneath the church is a crypt where some of Krakow’s most distinguished citizens are buried.
Dinner and Drinks in Krakow
Day 2 in Krakow
On Day 2 of your 3 days in Krakow Itinerary, delve into the tragic history of Krakow’s Jewish population in the Podgorze and Kazimierz Districts.
The district of Podgorze – meaning Foothills – has a long and sad past. It was declared an independent city in 1784, but was incorporated into the city of Krakow in the beginning of the 20th century. In March 1941, the Nazis designated the district as the Jewish Ghetto and Krakow’s Jews were forced to live in cramped quarters behind walls until the entire population was slaughtered two years later.
Located about 2.5 miles south of the Krakow city center is the prehistoric Krakus Mound – the oldest structure in Krakow. Standing at 52-feet, the man-made mound is fabled to be the burial place of King Krakus, the founder of Krakow. A narrow path winds around the mound, providing an easy way to climb to the top. From the hilltop, there are 360-degree views of Krakow and the surrounding region.
Opened as a limestone quarry in 1873, the earthen pit now lies abandoned. Although Liban Quarry was a successful business, during Nazi occupation, the quarry became a place of forced labor and death. The site was used in the movie Schindler’s List.
Now, overgrown and strewn with rusting machinery, the quarry is technically off limits (well, except to the birds and wild creatures that call it home), but that doesn’t stop adventure seekers from entering. We got our first glimpse from the top of Krakus Mound and went to the edge for a closer view, but under wet and muddy conditions, didn’t go any further.
New Podgorze Cemetery
Since 1900, Krakow citizens have been buried at the New Podgorze Cemetery. A stroll in the wooded grounds among the memorials is a peaceful – and/or creepy – way to spend time in Krakow.
St. Joseph’s Church, Krakow
St. Joseph’s Church was built in the early 1900s in the Gothic Revival style. The church is the centerpiece of Podgorski Square, a triangular-shaped square in the center of the Podgorze district. The square was once a bustling marketplace and the former Town Hall(s) surround the square (buildings #14 and #1). On the northeastern tip of the square is where a Jewish Ghetto gate once stood.
Milk Bar South
Poland’s Milk Bars serve up cheap, Polish comfort food with a side of nostalgia. The cafeteria-style restaurants were popular during Soviet occupation when meat was rationed and restaurants were considered ‘capitalistic.’
The surviving Milk Bars provide a glimpse into the past and a taste of local cuisine – all for just a great value and experience! Milk Bar South (Bar Mleczny Poludniowy) is on the northwestern tip of Podgorski Square and serves all the Polish classics, like pierogis, schabowy (fried pork chop) and kraut, with patient, English-speaking staff.
Top Tip: Get there early for lunch as the line will be long, seats will be limited and once the pierogis are gone for the day, they don’t make more!
Ghetto Wall, Krakow
There are two places in Podgorze where portions of the Ghetto Wall remain standing as a reminder of the horrors that took place in the district. The wall fragment on Lwowski Street (next to #29) has a plaque that reads, “Here they lived, suffered and died at the hands of the German torturers. From here they began their final journey to the death camps.”
A second wall fragment can be found in a somewhat unusual place: a playground behind a school (go through the gate to the left of the school building at #62 Boleslawa Limanowskiego).
Schindler’s Factory Museum
Opened in 2010, the Schindler’s Factory Museum details life in Krakow during Nazi Occupation in the years 1939 to 1945. The museum is housed in the original factory owned by Nazi Oskar Schindler, a man who is credited with saving 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them. His story is detailed in the book, Schindler’s Ark, and subsequent movie, Schindler’s List.
Ghetto Heroes Square, Krakow
In 1941, this area was at the heart of the Jewish Ghetto. After Nazi occupation, the former Little Market Square was renamed Ghetto Heroes Square and, in 2005, the Empty Chairs Memorial was erected in honor of the murdered Jews. The chilling display of 70 illuminated chairs covers the entire square. The chairs are said to be a symbol of both the furniture that was left behind when the Jews were ushered to the Concentration Camps, as well as the missing people who would be sitting in those chairs had they not been killed.
On the south side of the square is the Pharmacy Under the Eagle Museum. In 1941, the owner of the pharmacy, a non-Jew – and the only non-Jew working in the Ghetto, kept his shop running and aided the Jews not only with medicine but with fake documents.
Bernatek Pedestrian Bridge
The Bernatek Bridge connects the districts of Podgorze and Kazimierz. Built in 2010, the modern bridge features acrobatic figures on the cables and can be used by pedestrians and cyclists to cross the Vistula River.
Before the Jews were forcibly moved into the Krakow Jewish Ghetto in 1941, many resided in Kazimierz, a district that is known as the Krakow Jewish Quarter. Even though much of the area was destroyed during Nazi occupation (and what wasn’t was left to ruins in the years after the war), the district has retained much of its Jewish history and culture. Additionally, Kazimierz is one of Krakow’s lively nightlife areas and features many famous street art murals.
Plac Nowy, Krakow
Plac Nowy, sometimes referred to as the Jewish Square, is the market square in Kazimierz. Although it is fairly small for a market square today, it remains a popular Krakow gathering place at all hours, day or night.
Market booths stand on the perimeter, while a large rotunda takes up the center of the square. The round building, which was originally used as a chicken slaughterhouse, has several windows from which zapiekanka (a pizza baguette) is sold. Each vendor offers their own unique combination of toppings – and they are all cheap and filling, making for a great snack or dinner-on-the-go.
Szeroka Street is the main street through the Krakow Kazimierz Jewish Quarter, although it feels more like a long, rectangular square than a street. On it are many Jewish heritage buildings:
- The Old Synagogue, built in the 1400s, still stands today and has been transformed into a museum.
- Remah and Poppera are two other synagogues on Szeroka.
- The Old Jewish Cemetery, next to Remah Synagogue, was established in the 1500s and is the burial grounds of many famous Jews from Krakow (although, Nazis destroyed much of the cemetery during occupation).
- Some Jewish shops on Szeroka Street have been revitalized in recent years.
- Statue of Jan Karski, Polish resistance fighter and WWII diplomat.
Not only is Kazimierz stocked with history, it is also home to an incredible number of great Krakow bars. Two of the districts most popular bars can be found on Plac Nowy: Alchemia (a dimly-lit throwback bar) and Pijalnia Wodki I Piwa (a stark, light-filled bar open 22 hours a day with cheap, basic beer, vodka and snacks). For craft beer, seek out Omerta Pub. For a taste of vodka with a buzzing atmosphere, try Skarka.
Kielbasa Truck, Krakow
Before ending your second night in Krakow, detour to Kielbaski I Niebieskiej Nyski, a kielbasa food truck that has been operating for 30 years. The two-man team grills up sausages over a wood fire from the side of the soviet-era van for late-night revelers.
Pro Tip: If you are spending a long weekend in Krakow, be aware the truck is closed on Sundays!
Day 3 in Krakow
On Day 3 of your three days in Krakow, take two half-day trips outside Krakow. First to explore a salt mine and then wander the socialist modernism architecture of the Nowa Huta neighborhood. Spend your last night in the Krakow Old Town, soaking up the ambiance.
Map link of Krakow sights on Day 3.
Wieliczka Salt Mine
The Wieliczka Salt Mine dates to the 13th century and was continuously used to mine table salt until 2007. Today, visiting the mine is one of the most popular Krakow day trips. There are a number of guided tours (in several languages), as well as a health spa.
The Tourist Route takes visitors down 800 steps into the mine and traverses multiple corridors that tell the history of the mine. Throughout the mine there are statues of Poland’s most famous residents – all made of rock salt – as well as four chapels.
The most impressive chapel, St. Kinga’s Chapel, is a cavernous space complete with bible stories carved along the walls – and an altar and chandeliers…all made of rock salt. Visiting the Wieliczka Salt Mine is one of the top things to do in Krakow, Poland.
Top Tip: Many Krakow Tours offer trips to the Wieliczka Salt Mine (you can check them out on Viator), but we organized the trip on our own using the train.
Nowa Huta District, Krakow
Nowa Huta – in Krakow’s eastern district – is chockablock full of socialist modern architecture. Built in 1949 under Soviet occupation, the district was designed to be a perfect city with wide streets and green parks….as well as a lot of factories and apartment blocks. Nowa Huta was built quickly – and poorly – and much of the grandeur of the neighborhood was never realized.
The factories, however, were thriving within years, churning out steel, cement and tobacco. Today, Nowa Huta is a whole heap of concrete, but has ditched it’s ties to Stalin by renaming streets and squares in honor of those opposed to the communist regime. The Central Square, which at one time hosted an enormous statue of Stalin, is now called Ronald Reagan Central Square.
Pro Tip: Eat lunch at Stylowa, once the classiest joint in Nowa Huta that has changed little through the years.
Wander the Krakow Old Town
On short trips to Krakow, it can be easy to get caught up in the sights, when in actuality, the entire Krakow Old Town is a sight that shouldn’t be missed! Wander the streets and get lost in the cobblestone lanes. When you get hungry, find Miod I Wino for a traditional meal of pierogis, placki (Polish potato pancakes) and hearty meat dishes.
Local Craft Beer, Krakow
Get a taste of Krakow’s buzzing craft beer scene at one of the many multitaps. Our top suggestions for Craft Beer in Krakow’s Old Town are: Multi Qlti Tap, Viva La Pinta, and House of Beer. Interested in more Polish vodka? You can get that at the craft beer bars, too. Cheers…or Twoje Zdrowie, as they say in Poland! Map of Krakow Old Town Craft Beer Bar Locations.
More Krakow, Poland Itinerary Tips
We don’t think 3 days in Krakow, Poland is enough! If you have 4 days in Krakow – or longer – here are some more Krakow things to do.
Professionally guided Krakow tours can help tourists get a better sense of the city. There are numerous tours, from free city walking tours to guides explaining the history of the Jews in Krakow to royal secrets tours and Krakow Food Tours. (You can book Krakow city tours in advance on Viator.)
Day Trips from Krakow, Poland
In our 3-Day Krakow Itinerary, we included information on day trips from Krakow to the Wieliczka Salt Mine and Nowa Huta district. Both of those Krakow day trips can be done using public transportation – or with an organized tour group.
Tour companies offer these Krakow day trips:
(Day trips from Krakow can be booked in advance on Viator)
- Auschwitz Concentration Camp
- Wieliczka Salt Mine
- Auschwitz and Salt Mine Full Day Tour
- Zakopane and Tatras Mountains
- Pieskowa Skala Castle
- Life of Pope John Paul II
- Nowa Huta Walking Tour
There are many museums in Krakow for tourists to visit during their stay, like Krakow History Museums and Krakow Art Museums. Several museums offer a limited number of tickets each day, so book ahead if you can. Also, check in advance for free museum days in Krakow!
Krakow Festivals and Events
There are many Krakow events throughout the year, and we planned our Krakow trip in December so that we could partake in the Krakow Christmas Market. The festive scene certainly got us in the holiday spirit and it’s one of our Favorite Christmas Markets in Europe!
Where To Stay in Krakow, Poland
During our visit to Krakow, we stayed in a great Airbnb Apartment, which had a partial view of the Wawel Castle. We have found that staying in apartments is often less expensive than hotel rooms – with the added benefit of a kitchen and, usually, more space.
However, for those who prefer staying in traditional accommodations, there are many Krakow Hotels to choose from in – or close to – the city center (start your search now on Booking.com). Check out these top-rated hotels (based on guest reviews) for your upcoming trip: Hotel Indigo Krakow Old Town, Queen Boutique Hotel, or Metropolitan Boutique Hotel. Budget travelers can search for Krakow Hostels – like Bison Hostel and Mundo Hostel.
Getting to Krakow, Poland
Krakow can be reached by plane, train, bus or car. We traveled from Budapest to Krakow (via Kosice, Slovakia) by bus. We departed Krakow to London via the John Paul II International Airport (KRK). We took an Uber to the airport, however, you can book airport transfers to and from the airport in advance. Our preferred method of getting anywhere is by flying (we are JetSettingFools, after all!). When we purchase plane tickets, we start our search for the best deals on airline tickets on Skyscanner.
Before You Go to Krakow, Poland
- Krakow is a walkable city…but only if you pack the right travel shoes! Don’t forget to pack a pair of lightweight and comfortable walking shoes for your trip. I (Sarah) have always packed these shoes by Columbia, Skechers and Reef. Kris prefers wearing these trail shoes by Merrell and slip-ons by Sanuk.
- We’re certain you’ll be snapping tons of photos during your trip to Europe. Rather than relying on your phone to capture the sights, upgrade to an actual camera for high quality photos. We travel with a Canon Rebel (which takes amazing photos) and a Canon PowerShot ELPH (which takes beautiful pictures and is a slim and lightweight budget camera).
- It’s easy to get turned around in any new destination! Make sure to have a good city map and/or Krakow guidebook before arriving.
- Whether you travel with a backpack or a suitcase, you’ll also want a great day bag to carry all your everyday travel essentials in!
- If you haven’t already obtained travel insurance for your trip to Poland, consider traveling protected with World Nomads.
- Get (and stay) organized by using our Travel Planning Printables to plan your vacation to Poland!
We want to know: What are your favorite Krakow things to do? What would you add to our 3-Day Krakow Itinerary? Leave your top tips in the comments below!
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